The journal strives to uphold the highest standards of publication ethics and takes all possible measures against any publication malpractices. The Journal also believes that ethical publishing requires the active participation of all parties involved in the act of publishing to agree upon standards of expected ethical behavior: authors, reviewers, editors, and publisher. The Journal expects compliance with the Standards for Publication Ethics set forth below:
Peer Review Process
The journal employs a double-blind peer review system to all submitted manuscripts. This system aids editors in making decisions on manuscripts and enables authors to improve their manuscripts, if they are indeed considered for publication. A more in-depth description of our peer review process is below.
When the manuscript arrives at the journal’s editorial office, the editor-in-chief of the journal carries out an initial desk assessment of the received manuscript based on the suitability of the topic according to the journal’s aims & scope, the author’s adherence to the journal’s guidelines (word count, language clarity, and format), importance of the topic and relevance to the journal’s readership. If the manuscript does not pass these initial checks, the editor-in-chief might reject manuscript immediately. If the manuscript successfully completes the initial in-house assessment, it is assigned to two expert reviewers without revealing the identity of the contributors to the reviewers. The reviewers are initially invited to review the manuscript by sending them the abstract of the manuscript. Upon acceptance to review the manuscript, the reviewers are sent the full text of the manuscript and requested to observe a deadline of a month as a maximum to submit their reports to the editor-in-chief. The reviewers are also required to disclose potential conflicts of interests, if any, that may affect the outcome of blind reviewing process.
The reviewers are provided with an online evaluation form requesting them to judge the manuscript in terms of the paper novelty, originality, valuable contribution to the existed field of study, ethical aspects, scientific misconduct, structure of the article submitted and its relevance to authors’ guidelines, references provided to substantiate the content, literature review, design and methodology, clarity of findings and discussion, documentation and referencing. The reviewers are also required to include general and specific anonymous comments to the author(s). If the two reviewers are in disagreement in their judgment on the suitability of the paper for publication, a second round of peer review may be initiated. Each online review report should conclude with a final recommendation for the paper submitted to the journal, which can be one of following: (a) accept without any changes; (b) accept with minor revisions; (c) accept with major revisions; (d) revise and resubmit; (e) reject. The editor-in-chief is responsible for the final decision regarding acceptance or rejection of the article. The editor-in-chief’s decision is final.
Open Access Policy
This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.
The journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License [BY-NC]. So that, referring to the journal’s content:
1- Any article published in the journal can be freely used and shared (free access to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format), as long as it is attributed to the author(s) and the journal by citing the name of the author(s) and the name of the journal [Attribution – BY].
2- The authors of the articles and the journal itself allow all types of non-commercial use of the papers and, on the contrary, restrict their use for commercial purposes [Non-commercial use – NC]
3- Users can use, reuse and build upon the material published in the journal but only for non-commercial purposes.
The journal regards plagiarism as a very serious offence. It is an illegal form of copying. Plagiarism is defined as the unacknowledged use of the work of others as if this were your own original work. Please be aware that we check all submitted manuscripts for plagiarism. We use Turnitin, the leading plagiarism-detection system, to check for similarity to previously published documents. All manuscripts containing plagiarism, including self-plagiarism, and dishonesty are rejected.
Examples of plagiarism:
By submitting paper for publication to the journal, Author(s) certify that:
I have read and understood the the journal rules on plagiarism. I hereby declare that this piece of written work is the result of my own independent scholarly work, and that in all cases material from the work of others (in books, articles, essays, dissertations, and on the internet) is acknowledged, and quotations and paraphrases are clearly indicated. No material other than that listed has been used. This written work has not previously not yet been published.
Copyright and Licensing Policy
You are free to:
Under the following terms:
2- Publishing Rights
The journal strongly believes in maintaining and protecting the integrity of the academic record. Manuscripts formally published in he journal are considered as the “Version of Record”. Very rarely, when the scientific information in a manuscript is significantly undermined, it becomes obligatory for he journal to publish corrections to, or retractions of manuscripts published on the journal website, at the discretion of the editor-in-chief.
Authors are required to pay a fair manuscript handling fee for the processing of their articles. However, there are no submission charges. Authors are required to make payment only after their manuscripts have been accepted for publication.
At the journal , we understand that some authors, students or institutions may have limited funding for their research activities. Thus, we have instituted a generous waiver system that may ease the payment of the manuscript handling fee when their researchers choose to publish their manuscripts in our journal. Our primary goal as stated in our mission is to accelerate the dissemination of knowledge through the publication of high quality research articles. We are continually pursuing this goal, without putting undue financial burden on researchers or their institutions. Hence, discounts are given to authors from the following low income countries:
Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, East Timor, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Kiribati, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Rwanda, Samoa, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Tuvalu, Uganda, Vanuatu, Yemen, Zambia.